The hottest coal must play a good game in the indu

2022-08-04
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The coal industry must play a good game of chess to reduce its production capacity

here is a new year for the majority of users. Under the current background of great downward pressure on the economy and increasing difficulties in the operation of the real economy, wangmingsheng, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Huaibei Mining Group, put forward a number of suggestions on how to promote the coal industry to reduce its production capacity and help enterprises reduce costs at this year's two sessions

affected by the macroeconomic downturn and industrial overcapacity, coal prices have continued to fall sharply since 2012. In this regard, wangmingsheng believes that the coal industry must play a game of "three one chess", make good use of the three mechanisms, and give full play to the role of the three levers at the same time

play three chess games. One is a game of chess for the whole country. As the problem of overcapacity in the coal industry is an overall problem, it is unlikely that local governments can take the initiative to close enterprises and reduce production capacity, and the effect will not be good. Therefore, we must strengthen top-level design and overall planning from the perspective of the whole country and the overall situation

second, the industry is playing chess. There are two problems that need to be solved. One is how to do a good job of capacity reduction within the same industry, and the other is how to coordinate and promote between different industries. For the same industry, we should not only reduce the scale and total volume, but also improve efficiency and quality, so as to reduce the backward production capacity that really needs to be eliminated in the whole industry and the production capacity that has a negative impact and impact on the market. In particular, it should be noted that the capacity reduction must not rely on a single attack from a certain industry, but must realize the coordination and linkage of various industries with more than 1700 records including more than 100 cured and non cured laminate precursors

third, policy is a game of chess. In the past, the formulation of relevant industrial standards and indicators had no effect on the capacity reduction of steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum and other industries. The fundamental reason was that the policies were not coordinated, synchronized and connected, and the overall situation and the whole country were not achieved

make good use of the three mechanisms. We should not only shout slogans and set targets, but also have effective mechanisms, namely, market guidance mechanism, government promotion mechanism and enterprise endogenous mechanism. At present, there is overcapacity in some industries in China. The deep-seated reason is that the market-oriented reform is not in place. As a result, enterprises cannot make investment decisions and organize production in full accordance with the market law, resulting in the disconnection between production and market demand. Although the administrative means are effective, they pursue the effect, not the efficiency. Overcapacity should be gradually eliminated through the survival of the fittest

give full play to the three levers. De capacity is a complex and arduous systematic project. We must give full play to the leverage of finance, finance and system, and ensure the realization of the goal with effective system supply. We should establish a policy system in which central and local incentives are compatible. On the one hand, we should manage and make good use of the special funds for resolving overcapacity, help local governments solve the resulting unemployment and tax problems, and form a sufficiently effective positive incentive

in view of how to help enterprises reduce costs, wangmingsheng believes that reducing enterprise costs can not only rely on the enterprise itself, but also need more powerful assistance measures from relevant departments. To this end, wangmingsheng suggested that first of all, reduce the institutional transaction costs of enterprises, simplify administration and delegate power; At the same time, reduce the cost of enterprise logistics, financing, taxes and fees, as well as the rate of enterprise social security

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